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Created: May 21, 2009
Last modified: July 23, 2010

bridging science
and parascience

This protocol governs the use of photographic equipment used for still imagery. Currently, we find the use of still cameras of only very limited benefit. A few of the many problems that need addressing:

Canon Digital
  •   Actual use - when should we use still cameras as opposed to video cameras?
  •   Expectations - what exactly are we hoping to achieve by their use?
  •   Expansion into "orb" / dust reduction techniques.
  •   Separating evidence from optical illusion.
  •   Expanding infrared and ultraviolet capability and techniques.
  •   Developing better methods of capturing depth information (3d - three dimensional) and better methods of evaluating that data.

Revision of still photography protocols currently has a very low priority.

Nishika 3d

Primary Use


There are currently no standards for still equipment, except that analog (film) cameras should be 35mm. We are currently working towards expanding the envelope of the practicality and quality of still imagery, and will continue to modify, codify, and upgrade these protocols as new information and new uses come to light. Until such time, we allow all investigators to bring their own equipment so long as copies of photographs captured at every investigation are made available for file. Currently in the equipment bags are:

  •   Canon Powershot S110 Elph digital
  •   Concord C2001 35mm
  •   Nishika N8000 3d 35mm with Canon Speedlite 155A flash
Concord 35mm


Until such time as we can adequately review the above stated problems with still photography, we are not overly concerned with the specifics of camera settings. Until further notice, experimentation in this regard is greatly encouraged.


Currently, the primary functions of still photography in our investigations are to record camera placements, collect evidence, and generate a photographic record of our investigations for this website.


All photographic equipment should be checked for operation, batteries and film (if required) loaded, and ready for immediate use at the start of each investigation. They should be centrally located, along with spare batteries and film.

"Field of Vision" shot at 1875 Inn

Two digital photographs should be taken of each fixed video camera placement as soon as they are set up and recording, and anytime such cameras are moved to a new position. The first should show the video camera relative to its surroundings. The second should be taken in such a way as to reproduce the video camera's field of vision. The intent is to make it easier to duplicate a video setup in the future should we deem it necessary to recreate it. At least one photograph should also be taken of any attached audio equipment.

Should an in situ review of a digital image show any anomalous objects, analog photos should be taken in as similar a circumstance (and as soon as) possible. Where depth information could prove vital in supporting a paranormal claim, the 3D Nishika should be used as well.

Periodically, two investigators should pair up for a photographic walk-through of the site - one with a digital camera and the other analog. They should take simultaneous photos of the same objects, duplicating each others' field of vision as much as possible.

At the close of each investigation, KRI equipment should be returned to inventory and the film or files appropriately logged or annotated. Digital images captured on the personal equipment of investigators are expected to be transferred at the earliest possible convenience.

During investigation "down-times," participants should watch for candid moments which would help graphically represent various aspects of our efforts and experiences. There is no specific protocol for this, but investigators need to be aware that such moments are welcome additions to the various pages of this website.

Evidence Review:

Each investigator using personal equipment should review their own evidence in a timely manner. Any anomalies should be forwarded to the lead investigator as soon as possible for consideration.

Still images are very difficult to support as evidence, but are often used to lend credence to anecdotal or subjective experiences. "Orb" or other light anomalies caught in stills are rejected outright as positive evidence, except when accompanied by investigator experiences or are of exceptional nature. The reasoning behind this stand is available in the Library.

Pre-investigation Interviews

Equipment and Settings:

Digital camera is recommended for its ease of use.

Set Up & Review:

Confirm with the site proprietor permission to photograph site, and that such photographs may be used in conjunction with published materials.


Equipment checks are only necessary at the discretion of the interviewer. Still images are expected to accompany any interview, but not required.

Aesthetics should be considered when taking daylight shots of the interior and exterior, but not at the expense of fully capturing the intended image. Some photographs should be taken specifically for their aesthetics for possible publication.

Photographs should be taken of any noted "hot spots," potentially difficult camera angles, investigation hazards, or anything the interviewer suspects should be known to the team prior to investigation. These photographs are primarily for reference, but may see publication on this website or other media as those opportunites present themselves.

There are no further still imagery protocols except to say the equipment is useable as needed, as long as it doesn't interfere with higher ranked functions.